Importance: Immigration from Iran to the USA is a current trend and has occurred primarily since 1975. Iranian immigration towards the USA was enhanced by Islamic fundamentalist revolution of the late 1970's that reformed Iran country into a theocratic state that was a significant world occasion that made some stereotypes against Iranians in American society. Some larger Iranian communities in America have developed, especially Los Angeles' region.
The first documented Iranian immigrants who moved to the USA arrived there during the 1920's when 208 Iranians (or Persians, as this nation was then usually known) found America. This number escalated over the next forty years but still nonetheless kept not relatively large. As shown by Immigration and Naturalization Service data, there were 9,059 Iranians moving away from Iran during the 1960's. Within the 1970's through the 1990's, migration away from Iran shot up significantly. Between 1970 and 1979, 33,763 people immigrated officially from Iran to the USA. This number went up during the 1980's, when 98,141 migrated, and decreased slightly to 76,899, only in 1990's. Between years 2000 and 2008 again 67,915 people moved away from Iran country to find a better life in the USA.
Country of origin
The main language
First regions of U.S. settlement
Earliest remarkable arrivals
Top immigration period
21st century legal residents
93,195 (11,649 per year)
By 1980, the Iranian-born population of the U.S. amounted to 130,000 people that was much more comparing to 24,000 amount of people only 10 years earlier. Over 70% of this 1980 community had reached America during the end of the 1970's, so they were an incredibly new group. They certainly were focused on the West Coast, with 4 out of 10 Iranian citizens of the USA residing in California alone and 1 out of 5 residing in the LA-Long Beach downtown area. The Iranian-born community proceeded to increase into the 21st century, expanding from slightly more than 204 thousands in 1990 to more than 290 thousands in 2000, reaching already the amount of 328 thousands in the year 2007.
For further reading:
"The Making of the Iranian Community in America" written by Maboud Asari. (New York: Pardis Press, 1992) A helpful summary of the increase in the community of Iranians immigrants in the USA.
"Iran. In The New Americans: A Guide to Immigration Since 1965" written by Mehdi Bozorgmehr and edited by Mary C. Waters, Reed Ueda, and Helen B. Marrow. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007) The greatest brief that is an accessible summary of Iranian immigration, compiled by a very respectable expert on this topic.
"Funny in Farsi: A Memoir of Growing Up Iranian in America", written by Firoozeh Dumas (New York: Villard, 2003) Sincerely personal memoir of the experiences of Iranians who lived in America.
"A World in Between: Poems, Stories, and Essays by Iranian-Americans", written by Mehid M. Khortami and Perssis Karim (New York: George Braziller, 1999) Anthology of literary compositions by Iranian immigrants that show Iranian experiences in the USA.
"The Making of Exile Cultures: Iranian Television in Los Angeles", written by Maid Naficy. Minneapolis: (University of Minnesota Press, 1993) Study of how Iranian group identity in the large cultural neighborhood in LA has been affected by Iranian TV.
"Educating Immigrants: Experiences of Second Generation Iranians", written by Mitra K. Sharavini. (New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing, 2004) Stresses the significance Iranian immigrants put on education for their kids and discusses the comparable achievement of Iranian ancestry students in American colleges.